India is a developing country and the way the country is developing in the space and science sector is just commendable. ISRO which stands for International Space Research Organization is the most growing organizations in the world. ISRO has completed a lot of mission in an association which different nations like America, Russia, Israel, and many others.
According to the officials, This time ISRO is about to change the history as the rover constructed and launched under the supervision of the space organization is going to the land near the south pole of the moon on September 6 or 7. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Chairman K. Sivan conveyed in an interview, “We will launch our second moon mission (Chandrayaan-2) on July 15 at 02:15 a.m., to land by September 6 or7 near the lunar south pole, where no one went so far.” The 3.8-tonne complex mission will have an orbiter with 8 scientific experiments, a lander with three experiments, a rover with two experiments and one passive experiment from the US space agency NASA.
“The orbiter with lander and rover will be launched onboard our advanced heavy rocket (GSLV Mark III) from the Sriharikota spaceport to inject it in the earth’s elliptical orbit at 170km perigee (nearest to earth) and 30,000km apogee (farthest from earth) for cruising towards the moon over the next 16 days,” said Sivan. Sriharikota is an island situated in the riffs of the Bay of Bengal in Andhra Pradesh and about 80km northeast of Chennai.
The costing of the Chandryaan-2 mission is around Rs 978 crore, including Rs 603 crore for the orbiter, lander, rover, navigation and ground support network and Rs 375 crore for the heavy rocket and the Geostationary Satellite Launch Vehicle with an indigenous cryogenic engine. After this lunar mission, India will be placed on the fourth position to conduct so many successful missions outside the orbit of our planet after the Soviet Union (Russia), the US and China.
The rover which will land on the lunar is named after Vikram Sarabhai as the lander is called “Vikram”. Vikram Sarabhai was India’s well-known Space Pioneer who was born in 1919 and left the world in 1971. “The rocket will place the orbiter in the geo-transfer orbit for its passage to the lunar orbit, covering 385,000km from earth to moon in 50 days for the lander to have a soft landing near its south pole,” said Sivan.